About the Carpathian region

About the Carpathian Region DSC 0104 High Tatra

The Carpathian Mountains are the backbone of Central and Eastern Europe, forming an arc of about 1,500 km and covering an area of about 209,000 km². The Carpathian Mountains cover a significant part of Slovakia and Romania as well as parts of the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Serbia and Ukraine. Stretching across seven countries, the mountain range begins in the north-west of Austria, curving all the way to the Iron Gate Dam in Romania's south.

The Carpathians play a crucial role in Central and Eastern Europe: forming the bridge between Europe's northern forests and those to the south and west, as well as being a vital catchment area for the whole region. The Carpathian Mountains hold a tremendous value: exceptionally rich in species diversity, the region supports species not found anywhere else in the world, it is also the last European stronghold of large mammals, such as the brown bear, wolf and lynx (outside of Russia). Over one third of all European plant species are found in the Carpathians. In addition, the region contains some of the continent's most extensive areas of both montane and virgin forests. Due to their exceptional level of biodiversity, the Carpathian Mountains are included in WWF's "Global 200" Ecoregion list.

The Carpathian Mountains are home not only to a wide array of wildlife, but also to a diverse set of nationalities with rich cultural heritage. The Carpathians are home to about 17 million people.

Download PDF: Status of the Carpathians 2001

Last updated: June 2014


The development of this website is financially supported by the Danube Transnational Programme within the TRANSGREEN (January 2017 - June 2019)
and the ConnectGREEN Project (June 2018 - May 2021); the ETC Programme South East Europe within the BioREGIO Carpathians project
(January 2012 – June 2014) and the MAVA Foundation within the Protected Areas for a Living Planet Project (January 2007 – March 2012).